Парк Торрес-дель-Пайне

Национальный парк Торрес-дель-Пайне — местность в Чили, знаменитая, в первую очередь, одноименным горным массивом Пайне, состоящим из трёх гор, похожих на башни или иглы. Название массива, собственно, и переводится как голубые («пайне» — с языка местного племени мапучи) башни («торрес» — с испанского языка).

Торрес-дель-Пайне.
Торрес-дель-Пайне. kavram / shutterstock.com

Эти башни представляют собой лакколиты. Это форма рельефа, образующаяся в результате проникновения в земные породы магмы, которая при этом не разрушает, а только поднимает эти породы. Впоследствии местные ледники размыли мягкий верхний слой породы, обнажив застывшую магму, превратившуюся в гранит.

Торрес-дель-Пайне.
Торрес-дель-Пайне. Anton Petrus / shutterstock.com

Этот процесс привел к образованию не только гор, но ещё и озёр и фьордов, которыми также знаменита долина. В связи с тем, что климат в парке резко континентальный, и средняя температура летом составляет +11, а зимой +1 градус, ледник в нём существует до сих пор, и в озёрах плавают откалывающиеся от него айсберги.

Дикие лошади в национальном парке Торрес-дель-Пайне, Патагония, Чили
Дикие лошади в национальном парке Торрес-дель-Пайне, Патагония, Чили. sunsinger / shutterstock.com

Также парк известен своей флорой и фауной. Здесь встречаются уникальные виды животных и растений, многие из которых находятся под угрозой уничтожения. В связи с этим охота в этих местах запрещена уже более 50 лет, так что животные не боятся человека и подходят довольно близко.

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