Как зрительная система человека сортирует объекты

Человеческий глаз – очень сложно устройство. А в целом зрение – еще более сложный механизм. Например, он способен автоматически сортировать объекты, как более или менее приоритетные. К такому выводу пришли ученые Национального исследовательского университета Высшая школа экономики в ходе эксперимента.

Они привели такой пример. Когда человек смотрит на яблоню, то мгновенно отделяет яблоки от листьев. Получается, что процесс быстрой категоризации осуществляется автоматически на основе информации о различиях между объектами.

Есть гипотеза, что зрительная система каким-то образом снижает «разрешение файлов» — это необходимо, чтобы избежать перегрузок мозга. Вместо детального анализа объектов, зрительная система сортирует их по категориям, ориентируясь на общие признаки.

Ученые поставили эксперимент. Участникам предложили наблюдать за фигуркой несимметричного креста и нажимать на кнопку, когда крест повернется. То есть внимание людей было сосредоточено на том двигает ли крест. В то же время ученые записывали активность мозга.

В итоге авторы исследования пришли к выводу, что категоризация происходит сразу по нескольким признакам, в том числе и сложноустроенным.




  1. Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your weblog?
    My blog site is in the very same niche as
    yours and my users would certainly benefit from some
    of the information you present here. Please let me know if this okay with you.


    Take a look at my blog :: what info (tinyurl.com)

  2. I’ll immediately take hold of your rss feed as I can’t in info (tinyurl.com) finding your email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Please allow me understand so that I may
    just subscribe. Thanks.

  3. It’s the best time to make some plans for the long run and it is
    time to be happy. I have read this put up and if I may just I desire to counsel you few interesting things or advice.
    Perhaps you can write subsequent articles relating
    to this article. I want to read more things about it!

    Here is my web-site: but info, http://tinyurl.com/ydyhv4cw,

  4. Great post. I was checking continuously this weblog and
    I’m inspired! Extremely helpful information specially the cheapest flights possible final section :
    ) I deal with such info a lot. I used to be looking for this certain information for a very lengthy time.
    Thanks and best of luck.

  5. What’s up to all, how is the whole thing, I think every one is getting
    more from this site, and your views are pleasant in support of
    new users.

    Also visit my homepage — cheapest airline tickets guaranteed

  6. Howdy! I know this is sort of off-topic however I needed to ask.
    Does building a well-established blog such as yours
    require a large amount of work? I am completely new to blogging but I do write in my
    journal on a daily basis. I’d like to start a blog so I can share my
    experience and feelings online. Please let me know if
    you have any recommendations or tips for brand new aspiring
    bloggers. Thankyou!

    Feel free to surf to my site :: airline tickets

  7. Appreciating the persistence you put into your website and detailed information you present.
    It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same outdated rehashed
    material. Fantastic read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m
    including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

    My blog — plane tickets

  8. Wonderful goods from you, man. I have understand your
    stuff previous to and you’re just extremely wonderful.
    I really like what you have acquired here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way in which you say it.
    You make it enjoyable and you still care for to keep it smart.

    I can not wait to read much more from you. This is really a great

    Feel free to surf to my blog :: air ticket booking

  9. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your fantastic post.
    Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

    Also visit my webpage :: it info — tinyurl.com

  10. Do you mind if I quote a few of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources
    back to your weblog? My blog is in the exact same niche as yours
    and my users would definitely benefit from some of the information you provide here.
    Please let me know if this ok with you. Appreciate it!

    Look into my blog post … what info (tinyurl.com)

  11. I used to be recommended this web site by way of my cousin. I’m
    now not sure whether this submit is written by way of him as
    no one else understand such distinctive about my trouble.
    You are incredible! Thanks!

    Have a look at my blog post info the (t.co)

  12. My partner and I absolutely love your blog and find nearly all
    of your post’s to be exactly I’m looking for. Do you offer guest writers to write content to suit
    your needs? I wouldn’t mind publishing a post or elaborating on most
    of the subjects you write related to here. Again, awesome weblog!

    Also visit my webpage … info with (tinyurl.com)

  13. Have you ever thought about creating an ebook or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog based upon on the same information you discuss and info (tinyurl.com)
    would really like to have you share some stories/information. I
    know my subscribers would appreciate your work. If
    you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an email.

  14. My family every time say that I am killing my time here at
    web, however I know I am getting know-how all the time by reading thes good content.

    Look into my blog post :: is info (tinyurl.com)


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Новые статьи